Hemorrhoid Removal

Overview

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins around the anus or in the lower rectum. The rectum is the last part of the large intestine leading to the anus. The anus is the opening at the end of the digestive tract where bowel contents leave the body.

hemorrhoid treatment

Hemorrhoids are common, occurring in both men and women. Although hemorrhoids do not usually cause serious health problems, they can be annoying and uncomfortable. Fortunately, treatments for hemorrhoids are available and can usually minimize the bothersome symptoms.

Hemorrhoid Treatment

If at-home treatments do not relieve symptoms, medical treatments may be needed. Outpatient treatments can be performed in a doctor’s office or a hospital. Outpatient treatments for internal hemorrhoids include the following:

  • Rubber band ligation. The doctor places a special rubber band around the base of the hemorrhoid. The band cuts off circulation, causing the hemorrhoid to shrink. This procedure should be performed only by a doctor.
  • Sclerotherapy. The doctor injects a chemical solution into the blood vessel to shrink the hemorrhoid.
  • Infrared coagulation. The doctor uses heat to shrink the hemorrhoid tissue. Large external hemorrhoids or internal hemorrhoids that do not respond to other treatments can be surgically removed.

Reprinted and modified from The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse